You can control MySQL logging by using the parameters in this list:
slow_query_log: To create the slow query log, set to 1. The default is 0.
general_log: To create the general log, set to 1. The default is 0.
long_query_time: To prevent fast-running queries from being logged in the slow query log, specify a value for the shortest query execution time to be logged, in seconds. The default is 10 seconds, the minimum is 0. If log_output = FILE, you can specify a floating point value that goes to microsecond resolution. If log_output = TABLE, you must specify an integer value with second resolution. Only queries whose execution time exceeds the long_query_time value are logged. For example, setting long_query_time to 0.1 prevents any query that runs for less than 100 milliseconds from being logged.
log_queries_not_using_indexes: To log all queries that do not use an index to the slow query log, set to 1. The default is 0. Queries that do not use an index are logged even if their execution time is less than the value of the long_query_time parameter.
log_output option: You can specify one of the following options for the log_outputparameter.
TABLE (default)– Write general queries to the mysql.general_log table, and slow queries to the mysql.slow_log table.
FILE– Write both general and slow query logs to the file system. Log files are rotated hourly.
NONE– Disable logging.
When logging is enabled, Amazon RDS rotates table logs or deletes log files at regular intervals. This measure is a precaution to reduce the possibility of a large log file either blocking database use or affecting performance. FILE and TABLE logging approach rotation and deletion as follows:
When FILE logging is enabled, log files are examined every hour and log files older than 24 hours are deleted. If the remaining combined log file size after the deletion exceeds a threshold of 2 percent of a DB instance’s allocated space, then the largest log files are deleted until the log file size no longer exceeds the threshold.
When TABLE logging is enabled, log tables are rotated every 24 hours if the space used by the table logs is more than 20 percent of the allocated storage space or the size of all logs combined is greater than 10 GB. If the amount of space used for a DB instance is greater than 90 percent of the DB instance’s allocated storage space, then the thresholds for log rotation are reduced. Log tables are then rotated if the space used by the table logs is more than 10 percent of the allocated storage space or the size of all logs combined is greater than 5 GB. You can subscribe to the low_free_storage event to be notified when log tables are rotated to free up space.
When log tables are rotated, the current log table is copied to a backup log table and the entries in the current log table are removed. If the backup log table already exists, then it is deleted before the current log table is copied to the backup. You can query the backup log table if needed. The backup log table for the mysql.general_log table is namedmysql.general_log_backup. The backup log table for the mysql.slow_log table is named mysql.slow_log_backup.
Table logs are rotated during a database version upgrade.
* from AWS Documents
This Post Has One Comment
AWS RDS Backup11 May 2018
I really appreciate your blog post. AWS RDS backup is important for data protection. Thanks for sharing